Birch Wood


  • Usually used as a paint grade or secondary wood
  • Very common domestic timber
  • Occasionally highly figured material is found and is called “Flame Birch”
  • Tough to work, susceptible to chatter
  • Very brittle wood that tears out with dull tools

Characteristics of Birch

Origin of Wood Type North Eastern USA, Eastern Canada
Botanical Name Betula alleghaniensis
Specific Gravity 0.71
Avg. Weight Per BF 3.80 lb/ft
Color Range Light Yellow Sapwood- Brownish Red Heartwood
Rarity / Availability Readily Available
Typical Avg. Width 3″ to 12″, rarely up to 24″ wide
Typical Avg. Length 7′ to 12′
Avg. Waste Factor 0.3
Wood Uses Flooring, High-Grade Joinery, Furniture, Veneer and many other uses
Lumber Grades Common 1 & 2, Select and Better, FAS, Flitch, Figured (Heavy), Figured (Medium), Veneer, Premium
Other Trade Names Flame Birch, Yellow Birch, American Birch, Grey Birch, Hard Birch, Sweet Birch
Birch Lumber Pricing
Birch Hardwood Flooring

Flame Birch Sample Photos

birch wood sample pictures